Plurality criterion

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Statement of Criterion

If the number of ballots ranking A as the first preference is greater than the number of ballots on which another candidate B is given any preference, then A's probability of election must be greater than B's.

Complying Methods

First-Preference Plurality, Approval voting, IRV, and many Condorcet methods (using winning votes as defeat strength) satisfy the Plurality criterion. Condorcet methods using margins as the measure of defeat strength fail it, as do Raynaud regardless of the measure of defeat strength, and also Minmax(pairwise opposition).